In Mt. 23.2 Jesus refers most probably to this synagogue feature: “The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat”. Another first century Jewish group, the Sadducees (from Zadok) is not mentioned since they functioned as priests in the Temple service (see Ezk. 44.15). Mt. 23. 6 continues: “and they love the place of honor at feasts and the best seats in the synagogues”. Here Prof. Rasmussen shows ruins of an Hellenistic synagogue on the Island Delos which illustrates these references.
A highlight on a visit to the sacred Greek island of Delos (it is about a 40 minute boat ride from Mykonos) was a visit to the synagogue on the remote east side of the island (see the end of this post).
View to the west, southwest at the various rooms of the synagogue
Note the “Moses Seat” in the upper right part of the image
In the lower left portion of the image is one of the entrances into the synagogue
This synagogue is said to date to the second half of the second century B.C. which…
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